From klod5 at virtualtourist.com
Belgorod-Dnestrovsky fortress is very well preserved
and worth a day trip.
to get to Belgorod-Dnestrovsky:
go daily from the bus station at Panteleimonovskaya
61 (Пантелеймоновская) and
(mini-vans) from the west side of the train station.
is located 86 kilometers Southwest of Odessa. It is
a town of 50,000 people, located 20 kilometers from
the Black Sea, on the right bank of the wide liman
formed by the Dniester River.
Like Odessa, the town changed its name many times.
6th century BC Greek colonists founded the
town of Opheususon which is located on the
site of present day Belgorod-Dnestrovsky.
5th century BC it was named Tyras.
4th century BC it became a major trading
center, occupying and area of more than twenty hectares.
1st century Tyras became part of the Roman
3rd century, as the Western Roman Empire declined
so did the importance of Tyras.
9th century Black Sea Slavs rebuilt the town
and called it Belgorod.
the 13th century the Mongols pillaged the city.
It was later rebuilt.
last of the 14th century and the first half
of the 15th century Belgorod was part of the Moldavian
Empire. At this time the present day fortress was
built to protect the town from the Ottoman Empire
and marauding tribes. The city was one of the largest
in the Moldavian empire.
the Ottoman Empire plundered Belgorod. It was renamed
after the Turko Russian wars the Bucharest peace treaty
gave the town to Russia.
Romanians occupied the territory.
The Soviet Union retook the territory through pressured
negotiations with the Romanians.
1944 the Soviets again showed how much they
loved to change names and confuse locals and foreigners
alike by renaming Akerman to the old name of Belgorod.
Since Belgorod was the current name of another Russian
city, the Soviets added " Dnestrovsky" to
World War two, like Odessa, it fell to the Nazis.
The fortress covers an area of almost four hectares
and the length of the wall is almost 2 kilometers,
with thirty four towers.
is made of shell rock. The walls are 15 meters
high and are an incredible 5 meters thick.
circling the fortress is 14 meters wide and 11
meters deep. When an enemy approached, the sluices
could be opened and the moat would fill with water.
has three courtyards separated with thick walls.
The first courtyard was for the civilians.
The second courtyard was the garrison's sleeping
The third courtyard was for the garrison
first courtyard are the remains of a mosque
built by the Turks after they destroyed the church
that stood on the same site.
entrance to the second courtyard is a tower
which served as a warehouse for weapons and food.
The following pictures below are from klod5 at