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Odessa Sea Port

 

Odessa's port is both the cities pulse and its cash cow. Many of Odessa's residents make there living in some way through the sea. Before the advent of cranes and mechanized loading and stacking machinery, hundreds of burly men toiled from ship to warehouse. (See web pages section, for Maxim Gorky's book on life in Odessa as a dock worker) The best way to see Odessa is from the sea.

The Odessa Sea Port web page is: www.ceebd.co.uk/ceebd/osp.htm

At the beginning of the 20th century ships had to drop anchor in the bay and their passengers and cargo were ferried by boat to the coast.

The port was rebuilt twice, after the first and second world wars.

When the Nazi's retreat they blew up a majority of the jetties and port warehouses.

After only five years after the end of the second world war, the port had been completely rebuilt and had reached its pre-war levels of cargo turnover.

During the Soviet Union the Port was home to the world's largest shipping company, Black Sea Shipping Lane. Odessa Seaport handled one third of all cargo passing into the former Soviet Union, had eleven ports, and about 300 passenger and cargo ships.

In the early 1950's the port meet its maximum capacity, but it was unable to expand further. South of the port was beaches and sanatoriums. North of the port was industrial business. To solve this problem, a new port Ilichyovsk was built 32 kilometers (20 miles) south of Odessa in 1958. The port is bigger than Odessa and has longer and deeper wharfs. At one point, Ilichyovsk surpassed Odessa in cargo turnover and became the largest port in the Soviet Union.

The port can handle up to 3,000 passengers a day and allow 5-7 passenger ships to drop anchor simultaneously.

There are trips to Istanbul ,Turkey through the port several times every week.

In 2000, a large overpass was built to quickly deliver truck freight to and from the port.


By Galen Frysinger

 

To the west (left), slightly beyond the port wharves are the ship repair docks. They began over two hundred years ago, at the founding of the city.

Further to the west is a grain elevator, a huge gray building. Beyond this is a sugar refinery. Finally there is an oil refinery.


Seaport map from:
ussco.sphosting.com/port_Odessa.html

Historic photos of the port


From Klod5 at virtualtoursit.com

 

Continue your virtul tour by walking to the
Golden Child monument
Return to the Odessa Port Overview
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