Pushkin was exiled to nearby Moldavia by the czar.
He then moved to Odessa for 13 months between July 3rd,
1823 and August 1st 1824. He worked as an archivist
in the office of the Governor
Mikhail Vorontsov. (Deribasovskaya
with disrespect, which was evident in the assignments
that he gave him. He once ordered Pushkin
to go and write a report on a locust infestation
in very rural farmland. Pushkin
returned to give his report. Pushkin
found the Count at an opera and told him that
he was ready to give him his full report. Vorontsov
told him that it could wait, but Pushkin
insisted. Spitefully and sarcastically Pushkin
said, "The locust flew in, landed, ate, and
left." He told it in a rhyming poet verse that
sounded very smug and mocking when quoted in Russian."
(Gabe Skvor, Russian Sunbirds)
also once told Vigel, Vice Governor of Bessarabia,
the problems he was having with Pushkin.
Vigel replied that men like Pushkin
could only be great poets. Vorontsov
responded dryly that he did not think that was good
had two affairs simultaneously, one with Vorontsov's
wife, Elizabeth Vorontsov, which began December of
1823, and one with Amalia Riznich, who he had probably
meet in the summer of 1823 at the Opera Theater.
wife reportedly had a daughter by Pushkin.
was finally dishonorably relieved and banished
to his father's home in Mikhalovskoye, Pskov region,
not because of his affair, but because of a letter
that had been intercepted by the police. In this letter
(possibly to Vyazemeky) Pushkin
wrote that he agreement with a local philosopher's
views on Atheism.
a history of Vorontsov, see Mikhail S. Vorontsov Monument)
completed the poem "To the fountain of Bahchisaray",
began his poem "The Gypsies", wrote over
thirty other poems, and wrote two chapters of "Eugene
Onegin". Living just a few blocks away, Pushkin
often strolled Primorsky Boulevard (Приморский
guides about Odessa will mention the fact that in
many of Pushkin's
expressed his dislike and boredom of Odessa.
He missed the larger, more cosmopolitan Russian cities,
and in many of his letters seemed very homesick. (for
more about the life of Pushkin
refer to the book "Pushkin"
by Eliane Feinstein, Weidenfeild and Nicolson Publishers.,
was sculpted by Janna Polonskaya and the architect
A. Vasilyev. Polonskaya's sculpture is a very close
likeness of Pushkin.
The monument was finished in 1888, a year after the
50th anniversary of the poet's death.
The bronze bust stands on a big rectangular pedestal
of gray granite. in the upper portion it has a star
and a lyre (stringed instrument) as a symbol of Pushkin's
poetic talent and inspiration. On the wreath of the
lyre are the date's of Pushkin's southern exile 1820-1824.
It has the inscription:
A. S. Pushkin, from the citizens of Odessa"
It is rumored
by Odessites today that the authorities were still
angry with Pushkin's affair with the Governor's wife,
and refused to build the monument.
of Odessa loved Pushkin
so much that they then collected the money without
any help from the authorities.
other side of the monument is the date 1888, the date
of the monuments unveiling.
monument are fountains that shoot from the mouths
of bronze fish into iron basins on the granite base.
Historic photo of Pushkin
monument and the port