Square 1 (Думская Площадь)
was built from 1829 to1834, designed by F. K. Boffo
in Russian classic style. Formerly this square was
called the Birzjevaya (stock exchange) because this
building housed Odessa's first stock exchange.
the architect F. O. Morandi redesigned it.
the building had two wings at either end of the central
part, forming an open courtyard. It was separated
from the square by a double line of Corninthian columns.
Later this courtyard was closed in by a wall to create
a grand entrance hall, which can still be seen in
the entrance. Later another wing facing the sea was
stock exchange was moved in 1899 to the location of
today's philharmonic theater, the city authorities
used this building. The square was renamed Doomskaya
building, on January 14th, 1918, Soviet power was
before, January 13th, Soviet revolutionaries had seized
the railway station, the Odessa military headquarters,
telegraph, telephone exchanges, and other major office
in the city.
on January 15th, the government tried to crush this
revolution. After two days of fierce fighting, on
January 17th, all government resistance was crushed.
this building was the site of the climax to a long
running dispute between the regional chairman and
the mayor. The dispute ended on May 28, 1997, when
a platoon of black berets armed with automatic rifles
and search warrants took over Odessa City Hall in
a dawn raid. (For
more on this event, see Odessa after independence)
Every half-hour, the clock above the entrance chimes
the melody "Odessa my town" (the same tune
greeting incoming trains at the train station). This
is from the operetta "White Acacia" by the
Soviet composer Isaac Dunayevsky.
Photo by ediogo virtualtourist.com